3 “complex” files… A heavy legacy awaits the new UN envoy to Libya

3 “complex” files… A heavy legacy awaits the new UN envoy to Libya
3 “complex” files… A heavy legacy awaits the new UN envoy to Libya

After 9 months of vacancy in the position, the United Nations appointed a new envoy to Libya, to become the man in the face of complex security, political and economic crises.

On Friday, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres officially announced the appointment of Senegalese diplomat Abdallah Bathili as the UN envoy to Libya.

And Bathili, the eighth UN envoy to Libya, succeeding the former envoy, Jan Kubis, who resigned last December, assuming the task in conjunction with the country’s passage of suffocating crises, which makes his task very difficult, according to observers.

The Libyan political analyst, Faisal Al-Tarhouni, spoke to “Ain Al-Akhbariya” about three files awaiting the Senegalese, Bathili, which are: (political, security and economic).

What makes the task of the new envoy difficult, says the Libyan political analyst, is that it “came at a time when the files are witnessing unprecedented complexity.”

The first file.. the political

The political file is represented in the struggle of two governments for power, namely the government of Fathi Bashagha, who was appointed by parliament last March, and the government of Abdel Hamid al-Dabaiba, who refuses to hand over power and clings to it within a fait accompli, according to Al-Tarhouni.

This dilemma – says Faisal Al-Tarhouni – “needs hard work and marathon rounds by the new UN envoy to solve it.”

He added: “But that is not so simple. Resolving the problem of power between two governments will make Abdullah Bathili collide with an international rock, meaning that both men, Bashagha and Dabaiba, have countries that support them to survive. Therefore, he must solve this problem first, which is a very difficult matter.”

He went on to explain by saying: “Convincing the countries interfering in the Libyan crisis and forcing them to be neutral is something that has previously thwarted the efforts of most of the UN envoys to Libya and made some of them resign.”

Also within the political file, Faisal Al-Tarhouni believes that the new envoy “received his duties in light of another political crisis represented by a conflict between two parliamentary chambers, the House of Representatives and the State Council, a dispute independent of their dispute over the two governments.”

The political analyst explained this by saying: “The dispute between the House of Representatives and the state is a legislative dispute. While Parliament considers that its legislative powers are exclusive, the State Council insists on the participation of representatives in those powers, based on the political agreement signed in 2015 in Skhirat, Morocco.”

He continued his analysis: “It was the mistake of the United Nations, which waived and passed the previous National Congress’s insistence on remaining in power after it was called the State Council, when it would have been more correct for the United Nations to acknowledge the end of that body.”

He explained that “after the State Council obtained legitimacy through the Skhirat Agreement aimed at solving it, it became part of the problem instead of being part of its solution.”

The second file.. Security

Regarding the second complex file in Libya, which is the security file, the political store said that “the Senegalese Bathili took over his duties after one week of security tension and clashes in the capital, Tripoli, between armed militias, which left 32 dead and dozens wounded.”

He added: “Reducing the security tension is the first thing that the new envoy is supposed to seek to work on according to logic, because in light of all parties revealing their weapons, the man will not be able to work.”

He went on to say, “The new envoy has taken over, and things are complicated with regard to the security file. The militias have increased in strength and even become more legitimate and more numerous.”

Despite this, Al-Tarhouni affirmed that “there is reason for optimism in the Libyan security file, and this is represented, according to him, in the talks to unify the military institution, which he said are going in an excellent manner.”

Al-Tarhouni explained that “if the military institution is actually united, Bathili will not need any significant effort, because all files will be resolved, especially the security file and militia violence.”

The third file.. the economy

Regarding the third and last file, which is the economy, the Libyan political analyst, Faisal Al-Tarhouni, explained that “the new envoy was received in light of the semi-collapse of the economic institutions.”

He added, “The country’s economy is collapsing, and all previous efforts to unify the divided Libyan economic institutions have stopped, some of them have failed, and the unification of the central bank is an example of that.”

He believed that “the failure of efforts to unify the central bank is the basis that makes the economic file difficult to solve for the new envoy.”

He explained his speech by saying: “In light of the Central Bank’s division and the distrust of the opposing parties in the management of the Bank in Tripoli and the expenditure items, in addition to the feeling of the rest of the regions, such as the East and the South, of marginalization and lack of spending on development in them, all of this remains the Libyan problem.”

He continued, “In spite of that, there is also reason for optimism in the economic file, which is the recovery of the oil institution, on which the country depends entirely for its general budget.”

The Libyan analyst concludes his speech by noting that the oil has now exceeded the expected production, which is a matter of optimism, and this came in light of the fact that the Oil Corporation is working impartially in eastern, western and southern Libya and all parties are satisfied with its new administrations.

The article is in Arabic

Tags: complex files .. heavy legacy awaits envoy Libya

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