The wheat crop is one of the most important strategic food grain crops in Egypt, and it is considered the main food for all groups of the Egyptian people, especially those with limited incomes. Where it is used in the manufacture of loaves of bread, in addition to the dependence of many food industries on wheat and its flour, and the demand for it increases, especially with the steady population increase in Egypt and the limited agricultural resources.
Egypt suffers from a continuous gap in this crop, and there is no doubt that increasing production, whether by vertical or horizontal expansion, rationalizing consumption and reducing waste, is the way to increase the percentage of self-sufficiency and reduce the food gap from it.
The wheat crop is also one of the most important agricultural food import commodities.
A number of farmers and leaders of the Peasants’ Syndicate around Egypt expressed their happiness with President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi’s decision to increase the price of supplying wheat to 1250 pounds, as farmers’ reactions varied about the decision as a great support for farmers around Egypt, where Dr. Mostafa Madbouly announced an increase in the price of supplying wheat. From farmers from 1,000 to 1,250 pounds, according to the directives of President Al-Sisi, after meeting wheat farmers during his visit to the city of Sherbin.
The positive effects of the decision to raise the supply price
In this context, Dr. Ashraf Kamal, Professor of Agricultural Economics at the Agricultural Research Center, said that the recent decision referred to by Prime Minister Dr. Mostafa Madbouly regarding raising the price of wheat supply for the new season to 1,250 pounds per Ardib is a very important decision and has great positive effects, indicating that The price last season was 850 pounds per ardeb, and this decision is considered a positive trend to support the Egyptian farmer.
Expectations of an unprecedented increase in wheat supply rates during the new season
Dr. Ashraf Kamal added that the decision will lead to an unprecedented increase in wheat supply rates during the new season, which supports raising the percentage of the strategic stock of wheat and increasing the percentage of self-sufficiency in light of the successive economic crises starting from the Corona crisis, passing through the supply chain crisis and ending with the Russian-Ukrainian crisis.
The government tends to encourage the cultivation of oilseed crops
The professor of agricultural economics confirmed that he considers what the Prime Minister referred to regarding the government’s tendency to encourage the cultivation of oilseed crops as a general trend in light of the continuous rise in oil prices globally and locally, and in light of the low rates of self-sufficiency in oils.
Favorable price guarantee
Dr. Ashraf Kamal pointed out that it is important to set a suitable guarantee price for these seeds, especially sunflower, soybeans and maize, with the flexibility to move prices if global market prices rise.
Dr. Ashraf Kamal
The importance of increasing the price of supplying Irdib wheat
In a related context, Hussein Abu Saddam, head of the Farmers Syndicate, said that the increase in the price of wheat imports to 1250, in implementation of the directives of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, is the happiest news for all farmers. The cost of wheat cultivation between this season and last season.
The highest productivity in the world
Abu Saddam added that Egypt is one of the highest countries in the world in the productivity of the unit cultivated from wheat, although the wheat-growing season in Egypt ranges between 5 to 6 months only, and the wheat-growing season in some countries lasts up to 10 months, explaining that the Egyptian wheat is produced on an average acre. About 3 tons of high-quality wheat.
Wheat planting dates
And the Farmers Syndicate went on to say that the most suitable dates for wheat cultivation in Egypt are between November 15 and December 15 of each year, so that it is harvested in April of each year, noting that planting one acre of wheat costs on average, according to the current conditions, about 20 thousand pounds, to give A gain for the farmer of about 7 thousand pounds, after calculating the cost.
How is wheat grown?
Abu Saddam continued, that the cultivation of wheat begins with plowing the land twice, “4 plowing mulches” at a cost of 1,200 pounds, then an acre costs about 4 agricultural trailers of municipal fertilizer at a cost of 4,000 pounds, and an acre of wheat seeds requires, on average, about 3 bags according to the method of cultivation (whether in a house). Or by grove) and the type of land (muddy or mountainous) at a cost of 1,500 pounds, adding that he needs about 5 sacks of chemical fertilizers throughout his cultivation, at an average cost of 1,500 pounds, as a sack of subsidized urea fertilizer is sold at about 270 pounds, and it may reach 450 pounds in the free market.
The head of the Farmers Syndicate indicated that an acre of wheat needs about 600 pounds of pesticides to combat weeds, diseases and their causes, and the number of irrigations of wheat ranges between 10 to 25 irrigations, depending on the type of land (mud or sand) and the method of irrigation and cultivation (cultivation on terraces or basins and irrigation by roads). old or modern) with an average cost of 2000 pounds per feddan.
What are the costs of growing wheat?
Abu Saddam continued, that an acre of wheat needs, on average, labor costs throughout the period of its cultivation and until the harvest is near, from preparing the land, irrigating the crop, spraying, etc. at about 4000 pounds, and an acre of wheat is harvested and tied into bundles at about 2000 pounds and threshed at about 1000 pounds, in addition to about 6 thousand pounds per The average is to calculate the period of renting an acre of wheat approximately, to produce on average about 20 ardebs of wheat at the price announced by the government, which is 1250 equal to twenty-five thousand pounds, in addition to the production of about 8 loads of white straw weighing 260 kilograms at about 2000 pounds, for a total of about 27 thousand pounds.
Reducing the gap between production and consumption
Abu Saddam stressed that the state is making every effort to reduce the gap between production and consumption of wheat, according to the directives of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, as it has provided many varieties of high-yielding wheat, good resistance to diseases, and tolerating climatic changes. 1,000 pounds per irdab, subject to increase according to price changes, which motivated farmers to grow as much wheat as possible, reaching 3,650,000 feddans for the first time in Egypt’s history, with an expected production of more than 10 million tons of wheat.