UN report on Xinjiang confirms persecution of Uighurs

UN report on Xinjiang confirms persecution of Uighurs
UN report on Xinjiang confirms persecution of Uighurs

This is a shocking report just published by the UN. The organization evokes possible “crimes against humanity”refers to “credible evidence” of torture and sexual violence against the Uighur minority and calls on the international community to act, in its long-awaited report on the Chinese region of Xinjiang published on Wednesday.

Deportations, Rapes, Cultural Genocide: The Unending Tragedy of the Uighur People

“The extent of arbitrary and discriminatory detention of members of the Uighurs and other predominantly Muslim groups […] may constitute international crimes, in particular crimes against humanity.says the report of just under fifty pages in its conclusions.

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Michelle Bachelet, for whom it was the last day at the head of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights after a four-year mandate, thus keeps her promise in extremis by publishing the document shortly before midnight in Geneva.

“The allegations of torture and ill-treatment are credible”

If it does not seem to contain revelations compared to what was already known about the situation in Xinjiang, this document brings the seal of the UN to the accusations leveled for a long time against the Chinese authorities.

Its publication had been the subject of intense pressure from those who wanted to make it public, in particular from the United States and major human rights NGOs – and, conversely, to prevent it from seeing the light of day the part of Beijing, which regards the report as a ” prank call “ orchestrated by Westerners, led by Washington.

Say Uncle Obs… Why does China persecute the Uighurs?

In this document, the UN called on the international community to act urgently in the face of accusations of torture and sexual violence in Xinjiang that the organization considers “credible”. According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights:

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“Allegations of recurring torture or ill-treatment, including forced medical treatment and poor prison conditions, are credible, as are individual allegations of sexual and gender-based violence. »

“The time for accountability is now”

This report “exposes the massive violations of fundamental rights by China”, said Sophie Richardson, director of the NGO Human Rights Watch for China. The UN human rights council “should use this report to launch a comprehensive investigation into the Chinese government’s crimes against humanity”she believes.

Amnesty International also demands that the Council “establish an international independent mechanism to investigate” about these crimes in Xinjiang.

“This report paves the way for serious and tangible action by Member States, UN agencies and businesses”rejoiced Dolkun Isa, president of the World Uyghur Congress and to add: “The time for accountability is now”.

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China is furious. The document is based “on disinformation and lies fabricated by anti-China forces” and “wantonly defames and slanders China and interferes in China’s internal affairs”writes the Chinese Embassy to the UN in Geneva in the commentary attached to the report.

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For her part, Michelle Bachelet – accused of being too lenient towards Beijing – replied: “Dialogue and trying to understand better does not mean that we are tolerant, that we look away or that we close our eyes. And even less that one cannot speak frankly ».

Genocide charges

A quick search of the UN text does not bring up the word genocide. An accusation on the other hand brought against Beijing by the American government but also the French National Assembly or the representations of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands or Canada.

Xinjiang and other provinces of China have been hit for several decades, and in particular from 2009 to 2014, by attacks attributed to Islamists or Uighur separatists.

For several years now, the region has been the subject of intense surveillance: ubiquitous cameras, security gates in buildings, armed forces very visible in the streets, restrictions on the issuance of passports, etc.

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Uyghurs: “The mere fact of debating whether China is committing genocide is tragic”

Western studies, based on interpretations of official documents, testimonies of alleged victims and statistical extrapolations, accuse Beijing of having interned in “fields” at least one million people, mostly Uyghurs, to perform sterilizations and abortions ” strengths “or to impose ” forced labor “.

The UN does not corroborate this figure but notes “only a significant proportion” Uighurs and Muslim minorities were interned.

China denies these accusations and claims that the “fields” are in fact “vocational training centers” intended to keep residents away from religious extremism, and which would henceforth be closed.

The article is in French

Tags: report Xinjiang confirms persecution Uighurs

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