Eleven stumbling blocks laid in Bornheim

Eleven stumbling blocks laid in Bornheim
Eleven stumbling blocks laid in Bornheim

Memory of Nazi victims in the foothills
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Daughters witness the laying of the stumbling block for their mother in Bornheim

Gunter Demig lays stumbling blocks for the Scheuer and Sax families. Ruth Sax’s daughters help him with this.
Photo: Axel Vogel

Eleven more stumbling blocks now commemorate victims of National Socialism from Bornheim. The daughters of a woman who is now being remembered even came to the Roisdorf district.

There are certainly better reasons to come to Bornheim from the USA. But there are probably few that are more important. In the presence of descendants, seven stumbling blocks (see info box) for members of the Scheuer and Sax families were laid on Bonner Strasse in Roisdorf on Monday afternoon.

With a few blows of a rubber mallet, Stolperstein creator Gunter Demnig immortalized the memory of the butcher and cattle dealer Michael Scheuer from Metternich, his wife Adele Scheuer from Sindorf and their children, grandchildren and son-in-law Jacob Julius Sax. The latter had 1931 married the Scheuer daughter Else.

The last family members made it out of Germany in May 1939

After two sons of Michael and Adele Scheuer had already emigrated to the USA in the 1920s, the remaining family members gradually followed in the 1930s, when the oppression of people of the Jewish faith by the Nazi state became more and more intense. Michael and Adele Scheuer finally made it out of Germany with their granddaughter Ruth, who was born in 1937 and is the daughter of Else and Julius Sax – in May 1939, just four months before the start of the Second World War.

Terri Pazoruick, one of Ruth Sax’s three daughters, said they were honored to be transferred. She actually died this year. Bornheim’s city archivist Jens Löffler was able to establish contact with the family while researching the funeral home in the USA. “It’s a blessing for us,” continued Pazoruick, who came to Bornheim with her sisters from the USA. All three assisted Demnig in laying the stumbling blocks for their ancestors. Pazoruick thanked everyone who made this possible.

This also includes Renate Mangels from Roisdorf. She had informed the city of the fate of the Scheuer and Sax families. Because: Her grandfather hid Michael and Adele Scheuer along with their granddaughter Ruth in the basement of his house until they managed to escape, as she reported. Her mother often told the family about it, so Mangels.

The Scheuer and Sax families were thus spared the fate of the Katz family. They were murdered by the National Socialists. On Monday, Demnig laid three stumbling blocks in front of a house on Secundastrasse for them. According to the city administration, this was the center of Jewish life in Bornheim. The first synagogue had been in the backyard since the end of the 18th century.

Murdered in the Theresienstadt concentration camp at the age of 84

After the construction of the new synagogue on Königstraße in 1866 – this was set on fire on the evening of November 10, 1938 – the original simple prayer room was used as a religious school until 1885 and then demolished.

Next to it was the house where the butcher Moses Katz from Kall, his wife Sibilla and their daughter Marta lived. In February 1942, all three were taken to the assembly camp in Bonn-Endenich and from there in July to the Maly Trostinez extermination camp south-east of Minsk, where they were murdered. Another stumbling block was laid in the ground on Monday in memory of Amalia Nathan in front of her house on Königstrasse. The then 84-year-old was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp (Czech Republic) in July 1942 and murdered there.

With the stumbling blocks laid on Monday, there are now 78 of them in Bornheim. According to Löffler, it will not have been the last. The research on Nazi victims from Bornheim continued. He’s always happy to hear tips from the community. According to Löffler, it was the first time that stumbling blocks were laid for people who were not murdered by the National Socialists but were able to flee in Bornheim last year. But these people were also victims of the regime, said Bornheim’s mayor Christoph Becker. “Fate like that of the Scheuer and Sax families remind us to adopt a humane refugee policy,” he said.

Flowers as a final greeting

Laying a stumbling block costs 120 euros. This includes the costs for material, production, organization, laying, transport and travel. As in previous years, citizens had again agreed to sponsor a stone.

Including the married couple Henriette and Horst Becker. They financed a stone from the Scheuer and Sax families. Henriette Becker explained that she thinks it is very good that people who had to flee are also remembered. As a final greeting, she had just laid a flower on the freshly laid stones on Bonner Strasse in Roisdorf.

The article is in German

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