A conflict of interests and the suffering of a people, and the United Nations is concerned about the fate of the situation

A conflict of interests and the suffering of a people, and the United Nations is concerned about the fate of the situation
A conflict of interests and the suffering of a people, and the United Nations is concerned about the fate of the situation

Posted in: 01/09/2022 – 10:47

International efforts have not been able to achieve any progress in the Libyan file and reach consensus on a constitutional framework that would enable the organization of legislative and presidential elections. In light of the conflict of power, the proliferation of weapons, the rule of chaos, the conflict of poles, militias, and others, the country is threatened by a large and wide renewal of violence, as confirmed by the Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations for Political Affairs Rosemary DiCarlo during a session of the UN Security Council.

For the UN official, the Libyan “stalemate” has become “a growing threat to security in Tripoli and its surroundings, and perhaps to all Libyans,” a threat that “fulfilled” a few days ago, in reference to the many violent armed clashes that the country has witnessed in recent weeks, including those Which I knew alive in the city of Tripoli, and left 32 dead and 159 wounded.

A struggle between two governments

The UN official’s statements come at a time when the conflict is raging between two governments, each of which claims to have legitimacy. One is based in Tripoli and is led by Abdel Hamid Dabaiba, and another is led by Fathi Bashagha and backed by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the strongman in the east of the country.

In March of this year, the Tobruk parliament, headed by Aqila Saleh, announced that the government of Abdel Hamid Dabaiba, which was formed with the support of the United Nations, had become illegitimate and that its term had expired, and appointed a new government headed by Fathi Pashaga, the former Minister of Interior. But Dabaiba rejected Parliament’s decisions and stuck to power, stressing that he would not give up his position until after the elections were organized.

The situation of tension between two governments in Libya is a manifestation of a strong struggle for power inside the country, and is considered one of the reasons for the failure of international efforts to organize the presidential and legislative elections that were scheduled to be organized in December 2021 as the culmination of a peace process sponsored by the United Nations, according to which violence stopped. The elections could not be organized and were postponed indefinitely due to divergent positions between political opponents, violence and tension in the country, and armed confrontations between rival militias in Tripoli.

Struggle for power and suffering on earth

While the Libyan people suffer from instability, insecurity, and social and economic problems, each of the two conflicting governments accuses the other of being involved in the clashes. However, the Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations for Political Affairs confirmed before the Security Council, and commenting on the recent clashes, that the matter may be nothing more than “a new attempt by forces loyal to Bashagha to enter the capital from the east,” noting that this attempt was “repelled” by the loyalist forces. for the bear.

These clashes were widely condemned by various parties in the international community. United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres renewed the call for an immediate cessation of violence in Tripoli. Several countries also condemned the acts of violence and urged the various parties to sit down to the negotiating table and reach a serious, practical and verifiable agreement to organize legislative and presidential elections that would lead to a peaceful transfer of power and prepare the situation to reach a permanent and enforceable agreement.

However, Libya’s representative to the United Nations, Taher al-Sunni, blamed the international community for the increase in clashes, stressing that “there was no reaction from the international community towards international obstructionists of the electoral process in Libya,” adding that “the failure to hold elections and some unrealistic initiatives, They frustrated the Libyans and gave justifications for a return to the military mobilization and war,” while also holding him responsible for those “who want to seize power by force and those who want to cling to it unjustly.”

Specialists in Libyan affairs assert that the conflict inside Libya is also a reflection of a conflict of external interests. Many countries support one party at the expense of another in the context of a conflict of interests linked mainly to Libya’s riches of oil. This situation contributes to fueling the conflict inside Libya and casts a shadow over the decisions that are taken within the corridors of the United Nations.

The article is in Arabic

Tags: conflict interests suffering people United Nations concerned fate situation

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