Who is the first person to reach space?

Who is the first person to reach space, there are many prominent personalities who were able to carry out access to space and carry out many special missions on the surface of the moon, which stunned all over the world with the landmarks that he carried out, there are two types of space flights, manned and uninhabited, examples include Manned space flights The current flight programs of the space shuttle and the International Space Station, examples of unmanned space flights are satellites orbiting the Earth, interested in talking about who is the first person to reach space, about him, about his travel to space, about World Space Day, about the first A person who lands on the moon, the first Arab astronaut About the list of Arab astronauts and the list of Muslim astronauts.

Who is the first person to reach space?

The first person to reach space is cosmonaut Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin, the Soviet cosmonaut. The Soviet space program conducted meticulous searches to find the right people to train and prepare for the next mission that will bring about a great change in the international arena. Twenty people were selected, including Yuri, and underwent Twenty different types of difficult physical and psychological tests to ensure the success of the mission, and in the Soviet program they chose one of the two names, Yuri Gagarin or the German Titov, to be the first person sent to space, and Yuri Gagarin, who is small in stature, was chosen to be the most distinguished during training and selections, Besides his sweet and simple personality.

Information about the first human to reach space

Yuri Gagarin was born into a poor family in Klushino, near Gzatsk, west of Moscow, Russia. His birthplace was renamed after him in 1968 in his honor. His father was a carpenter, while his mother loved reading. His parents spent most of their time earning a living, and like Many families in the Soviet Union, his family suffered a lot during World War II and lost two of his brothers during the war, as the Germans captured them and did not return until the end of the war, and his teachers did not hesitate to describe him as intelligent, hardworking and dedicated to his work, he was a teacher of mathematics in the Red Air Force Great influence on Yuri.

While working in a steel plant, he was selected for a training program at the Technological Institute in Rostov, while there he joined a flying club and trained to fly light aircraft to join the army, the Orenburg Aviation College in 1955, after he finished his studies in Syrtov, and at the military college he met Valentina Gorecheva and they married in 1957, and after receiving sufficient training on the MiG-15, he was assigned to an air base near the Norwegian border in the Murmansk region.

Who is Yuri Gagarin in space?

On April 12, 1961, Yuri became the first astronaut to see Earth from outer space aboard Vostok 1, and while in space, he was promoted from first co-pilot to pilot. The Soviets were amazed by Yuri’s safe return to Earth, as they hadn’t expected it, and Yuri became a hero. Nationally, which increased Yuri’s fame more and more, and after his return to Earth, he became one of the top stars and began touring the world, the world in a propaganda campaign for the Soviet Union, he handled fame very well and was elected to the Soviet Supreme Council until he returned to Star City Russia again Others to help design a reusable spaceship.

The death of Yuri Gagarin

In accordance with the nature of his new position as Deputy Director of Training in Star City, Yuri had to fly on the MiG-15 again to receive flight eligibility again, and on March 27, 1968, during a routine training sortie near Kirzhach, from all those who had been lost for reconnaissance The space.

International Day of Human Flight into Space

It is the annual celebration, which takes place on April 12, of the anniversary of the first space flight by Yuri Gagarin. Yuri Gagarin was announced at the 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly on April 7, 2011, days before the fiftieth anniversary of the flight. The crew of the Vostok 1 space flight were In 1961, orbiting the Earth for more than 108 years, minutes in the Vostok 3KA spacecraft launched by the Vostok-K launch vehicle, in the Soviet Union, April 12 has been celebrated as Cosmonautics Day since 1963 and is still celebrated in Russia and some countries of the former Soviet Union.

Yuri night

Yuri’s Night is an international holiday held on April 12 each year to commemorate space exploration and is named after the first man to walk in space, Yuri Gagarin, who flew aboard the Vostok 1 spacecraft on April 12, 1961, the launch of the first spacecraft. Shuttle On this day, the STS-1 space launch, 20 years after Vostok 1, on April 12, 1981, in 2011, Yuri’s Night was celebrated at more than 567 events in 75 countries on seven continents, around the world, often called Yuri’s Night (World Space Party).

The first to land on the moon

The first person to land on the surface of the moon is the American astronaut Neil Armstrong, who was the first person to step on the surface of the moon and was on board the Apollo 11 flight, in which he landed on the surface of the moon, on July 21, 1969 AD during this trip that Armstrong described as (a giant step to mankind), he and Buzz Aldrin landed on the surface of the moon and spent two and a half hours exploring, Neil Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard Nixon, in addition to the Congressional Honorary Space Medal and the Congressional Gold Medal, and in 1971 AD, he became a professor of aeronautical engineering at University of Cincinnati, married Armstrong and had two children, lived in seclusion on his farm and was known for his refusal to talk about himself or his achievements, and also refused to invite all candidates from both parties, in the US elections, Armstrong died at the age of eighty-two on August 25, 2012.

The first Arab astronaut

Prince Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is considered the first Arab, as the space flight Sultan bin Salman launched on board on a seven-day journey from June 17 to June 24, 1985 AD, where Prince Sultan made history, being the first Saudi Muslim to walk in space, and launched The American space shuttle Discovery with Prince Sultan on board as a payload specialist and as a representative of the Arab Satellite Communications Organization and also helped launch the satellite, (Arabsat-1b) During that flight, Prince Sultan conducted many experiments that Saudi scientists had planned, such as studying the behavior of water and oil at He mixed them in zero gravity, that is, in space. He also made a phone call to his uncle, King Fahd, as this call was broadcast on satellite channels in the Middle East, and he described the space shuttle from the inside in Arabic.

List of Arab astronauts

The attempt of the Muslim scientist Abbas Ibn Firnas to fly is the oldest attempt to fly in history. In the modern era, three Arab astronauts participated in exploratory flights, and they are

  • Sultan bin Salman, a Saudi astronaut, launched into space aboard the space shuttle Discovery in 1985.
  • Muhammad Faris, a Syrian astronaut, went into space as part of the Soviet space program in the Soyuz M3 spacecraft of the Mir space station in 1987 as part of the space cooperation program between Syria and the Soviet Union, becoming the first Syrian astronaut.
  • Hazaa Al Mansoori, an Emirati astronaut, launched into space aboard the Soyuz MS 15 flight to the International Space Station, becoming the first Emirati astronaut, the third Arab astronaut, and the first Arab astronaut to enter the International Space Station.

List of Muslim astronauts

Below is a list of Muslim astronauts

  • Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia launched into space on board flight STS-51-G in 1985, and he is the first Saudi, the first Arab, and the first Muslim to go into space.
  • Muhammad Fares, from Syria, went into space on the Mir EP-1 flight in 1987, and he is the first Syrian and the second Arab to go into space.
  • Musa Manarov, from Azerbaijan, launched into space on Mir EP-3 in 1987 and Soyuz TM-11 in 1990 and spent 541 days in space.
  • Abdul Ahad Momand from Afghanistan, went into space on the Mir EP-3 flight in 1988 and is the first Afghan and the third Muslim to reach space
  • Toktar Obakirov from the Soviet Union, entered space on the Soyuz TM-13 flight in 1991, and is the first Kazakh to go into space.
  • Talgat Musabayev of Kazakhstan, launched into space aboard Soyuz TM-19 in 1994, Soyuz TM-27 in 1998 and Soyuz TM-32 in 2001 and spent 341 days in space.
  • Selijan Sharipov, from Kyrgyzstan, launched into space on STS-89 in 1998, Expedition 10 in 2004 and spent 201 days in space.
  • Anousheh Ansari from Iran, launched into space on Soyuz TM-9 in 2006 and is the first Muslim woman to travel to space.
  • Sheikh Muzaffar Shakur of Malaysia, launched into space on the Soyuz TMI-11 flight in 2007 and is the first Malaysian to go into space.
  • Aydin Impetov of Kazakhstan, launched into space aboard Soyuz TMI-18M in 2015, is the third Kazakh to go into space.
  • Hazaa Al-Mansoori, an Emirati, launched into space on the Soyuz MS-15 flight in 2022, and is the first Emirati to go into space.

The article is in Arabic

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