Production methods have evolved, as well as olive oil extraction. The oldest processes were kept and are today the soul of many museum spaces throughout the country.
Browse the photo galleries to discover some museum-presses in our country.
Oil Museum Nucleus – Lagar da Lavandeira
Located in the village of Lavandeira, Carrazeda de Ansiães, the Olive Oil Museum Nucleus of the Rural Memory Museum shows visitors how olive oil was produced in a traditional central screw press mill. The whole process related to the traditional production of olive oil is portrayed here in terms of the museological discourse that begins with picking the olives, in the “sticks” exchanged between newsagents, in their transport, in their cleaning before entering the mill. , and in the process of milling, sieving, melting, pressing and finally in the decanting operation that will lead to obtaining the fine thread of olive oil.
Lagar de Varas do Fojo
The Lagar de Varas do Fojo, in Moura (Alentejo), dates from 1810 and was in operation until 1941. Here it is possible to know how “liquid gold” was extracted with only human effort, in a time before industrialization. Its state of conservation makes it a rare specimen in the Iberian Peninsula. In this space the olives were stored and during the season they worked non-stop to produce the oil. All processes are portrayed here, from the stone wheels, moved by animals, which trampled the olives, to the process of storing the oil.
olive oil museum
The Olive Oil Museum, in Bobadela (Oliveira do Hospital), rises on a small rise above the ancient Roman ruins. Surrounded by Serra da Estrela, this museum space highlights the machines and processes created over time by men for the extraction of olive oil. The Museum building was purpose built for this purpose.
Visconde d’Olivã Palace Museum
In Campo Maior, Alentejo, we find the Palácio Visconde d’Olivã Mill Museum, a space that illustrates one of the oldest technologies linked to agriculture, the dominant activity of Campo Maior’s economy until the mid-20th century. Starting from its nucleus, where an olive oil mill and all its functioning is recreated, the visitor also has access to a multimedia room, the ethnography area and the temporary exhibition area.