There is a lot at stake in the Italian elections on Sunday: for the country and for Europe. Because after the task of the political heavyweight Mario Draghi, a right-wing alliance is calculated to have good chances of success. Christian Wildt talks to the historian and Italian expert Hans Woller about the reasons and consequences.
The Draghi government is still in office. But after the resignation of the Italian Prime Minister, the future of the country is at stake. On Sunday there will be elections in Italy. Possible successors from the political center are also applying, but the chances of success lie with a right-wing alliance that the leader of the Fratelli d’Italia party, Georgia Meloni, could take to the head of a government. A woman who has a neo-fascist past but now appears as a conservative.
The Munich historian and Italy researcher Hans Woller fears that Italy is facing a turning point with the possible election of the Fratelli d’Italia. Georgia Meloni is 45 years old, comes from Rome and has been politically active in right-wing national circles for a long time: “I think that Ms. Meloni shouldn’t be called a fascist if the term should still have any meaning from a historical point of view. But it’s clear , she joined the neo-fascist party as a girl and went through all the moltings of this party – until she finally took over the leadership,” says Woller.
“So it stands in the tradition of fascism and it never clearly distanced itself from Mussolini or, more importantly, cut its ties with the neo-fascist networks,” says the historian. “Neo-fascism and fascism is still a very important sounding board for Ms. Meloni’s politics.” Georgia Meloni could now become the first woman to head a government.
choice of the dissatisfied
She brought herself into the conversation as “a young, fresh, female force and scored a lot with it,” explains Woller. However, how racist she could really act will only become apparent if she gets the chance to lead a right-wing coalition in Italy. The Fratelli d’Italia is a small party. According to the historian, however, “frustrated people from all camps, including nationalists, disappointed Berlusconi supporters, neo-fascists and so on – ultimately a wild bunch.”
It is not yet clear who will ultimately prevail within the party. In addition, Meloni would lead a coalition with the right-wing Lega and Silvio Berlusconi-led Forza Italia. Here, too, it is not possible to reliably say how large the intersections are in realpolitik. According to Woller, the decisive factor for many voters is that the Fratelli d’Italia was the only significant political force that had not backed Draghi’s policies in the past. Many Italians did not agree with Draghi’s course.